HPV = Human Papilloma Virus is causing warts (warts), including genital warts and can cause cancerous changes in the cervix. HPV is spread by direct contact.
There are more than 100 types of HPV papilloma.
Some types of HPV papilloma cause genital warts. In women, certain types of HPV increase the risk of cervical cancer. In some cases the only sign that women infected with HPV is an abnormal Papanicolau test result.
Other types of HPV papilloma cause common warts, plantar (filiform or flat) and in rare cases, genital warts. These types of warts are not cancerous.
There is no cure (to eliminate) for the infection with HPV papilloma. In most cases, the warts disappear without treatment in about 2 years. However, treatment hastens the disappearance of warts. With or without treatment, HPV papilloma remains stuck in the body, such as warts can reappear.
HPV papilloma is transmitted sexually, through any skin contact with infected genital (vaginal, oral, anal and even petting). Penetration is not necessarily to transmit the virus.
Another proven way of transmission is vertical from mother to fetus.
About other ways of contacting HPV papilloma infection the opinions are divided: because of the ease with which it is supposedly transmitted it is assumed that you can get infected with HPV papilloma through the use of intimate items (lingerie, swimsuit, towel) in common with infected persons without evidence of the clear existence of the infection.
HPV papilloma test
HPV papilloma test is used to detect HPV infection and to determine the type of HPV present by determining the genetic material (DNA) of HPV. Like the Papanicolau test, the HPV test is done by analyzing a sample of secretions collected from the cervix.
In women, HPV papilloma types with increased cancer risk (such as types 16, 18, 31 and 45) may cause changes in cervical cells that can be seen in the Papanicolau test. These changes may go away without treatment. However, some of these changes can progress and can cause cervical cancer.
The test technique
HPV papilloma test may be done by:
For the test, the patient will be stripped to the waist, will stretch back on the gynecologic table, with legs apart, and anchored on some special support. Thus, the doctor may examine your genital area and vagina.
The doctor will insert into the vagina a tool called forth that spreads the walls of the vagina, allowing the examination of the vagina and cervix.
The doctor will use a stick with one end wrapped in cotton or a small wooden spatula to collect samples of cervical cells. Cells are collected from both visible in the cervix and its opening (endow cervical canal). Samples are then put in some tubes named collectors and sent for laboratory analysis.
HPV papilloma test can also be done on a sample of cells collected for the Papanicolau test, if it was made with a particular technique, called liquid-based Papanicolau test. This technique consists of collecting cells from the cervix using a plastic brush. Samples are placed in a container that contains some solutions and sent for laboratory analysis. The HPV papilloma testing through Papanicolau test samples eliminates the need for a new sampling.
Is HPV papilloma test bad?
During the time of the insertion of the spread tool the patient may experience discomfort, especially if the vagina is sensitive and irritated or if it is narrow. The patient may feel pressure when the samples are collected.